It is estimated that it is in developing and least developed countries, mainly African countries, that trade costs could be significantly reduced. Under the special and differentiated treatment provisions, the TFA provides developing countries and LDCs with additional time during which both groups of countries are exempt from the application of the dispute settlement agreement (Article 20). Given the stages of development, the Agreement provides for shorter and longer periods for developing countries, as well as greater flexibility for least developed countries. The DSC establishes a number of transparency obligations with respect to the substantive provisions of the agreement with respect to (i) online descriptions of business procedures; (ii) contact points to answer questions; (iii) the operation of insulated windows; (iv) the use of customs officers; and v) contact points for the exchange of customs information. Deferred harmonization of supporting documents Electronic payment of duties and taxes Prior to the processing of the publication Liberation of Time Facilitation of Transit Exchanges On the positive side, seven LDCs have already provided their indicative data, although the deadline expires in two years (22 February 2021), giving donors a clear signal as to their commitment to implement the agreement. It should be noted that the Democratic People`s Republic of Lao and Malawi are the only LDCs to have provided information on the operation of their single-desk systems (where distributors submit regulatory documents in one place). In addition, both developing and least developed countries had to provide the WTO with information on contact points for the coordination of these TACBs (Article 22.3). Since 22 February 2019, only five developing countries have met this commitment. This low compliance makes it difficult for development partners to coordinate aid and the willingness of these countries to carry out ambitious trade facilitation projects. Kick-off Your national trade facilitation committees by welcoming traders: public-private partnerships are the cornerstones for the implementation of the WTO TFA to succeed. Who knows better than traders the bottlenecks in business procedures? It is therefore important to invite them to participate in the commissions. In addition, the NTF states should combine synergies with other national committees, such as. B health and plant health regulatory committees or technical barriers to trade and the promotion of regional platforms.
Bureaucratic delays and “bureaucracy” weigh on traders for cross-border trade. Trade facilitation – the simplification, modernization and harmonization of export and import processes – has therefore become an important issue for the global trading system.